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ALGERIA - Part 4

 
 
           
 

Flag of Algeria (animated)

Facts about Algeria

Official title: Democratic And Popular Republic of Algeria

LAND

Area: 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 mi2).

Capital and largest city: Algiers (1998 pop., 2,561,992).

Elevations: highest — Mount Tahat, 3,003 m (9,852 ft); lowest — 50.9 m (167 ft) below sea level, at Melrhir Shatt.

PEOPLE

Population (2000 est.): 31,471,000; density: 13.2 persons per km2 (34.2 per mi2).

Distribution (2000 est.): 49% urban, 51% rural.

Annual growth (2000 est.): 2.4%.

Official language: Arabic.

Major religion: Islam.

EDUCATION AND HEALTH

Literacy (1995): 62% of adult population.

Universities (1996): 8.

Hospital beds (1994): 53,612.

Physicians (1994): 25,796.

Life expectancy (2000 est.): women — 70; men — 68.

Infant mortality (2000 est.): 44 per 1,000 live births.

ECONOMY

GDP (1998 est.): $140.2 billion; $4,600 per capita.

Labor distribution (1990): public administration and defense — 23%; agriculture — 16%; mining and manufacturing — 12%; construction, utilities, transport, and communications — 16%; trade — 8%; other — 25%.

Foreign trade (1997 est.): imports — $10 billion; exports — $13.1 billion; principal trade partners — France, Italy, United States, Spain.

Currency: 1 Algerian dinar = 100 centimes.

      
 
President of Algeria

Abdelaziz Bouteflika,
President of the Algerian Republic

 

GOVERNMENT

Type: republic.

Government leaders (2001): Abdelaziz Bouteflika — president; Ali Benflis — prime minister.

Legislature: National People's Assembly.

Political subdivisions: 48 wilayat (departments).

COMMUNICATIONS

Railroads (1995): 4,366 km (2,713 mi) total.

Roads (1995): 102,424 km (63,643 mi) total.

Major ports: 10.

Major airfields: 5.

 
 

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