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Art Boutique - a Supergallery for French Art Prints and Framing
PLEASE VISIT OUR ART BOUTIQUE TO PURCHASE CHAGALL PRINTS


MARC CHAGALL

The Russian artist Marc Chagall {shah-gahl'} (also known as: Mark Zakharovich Shagal), b. July 7, 1887 (or 1889?), d. Mar. 28, 1985, created a genre virtually his own with his lively, large-scale renderings of Russian village life, as filtered through the prism of Yiddish folklore, and his illustrations of folk tales and Bible stories.

The Creation of Man

"The Creation of Man"
by Marc Chagall

Though Marc Chagall (1887-1985) was never part of any art movement, he borrowed techniques and ideas from contemporaries whenever it suited his purpose. "The Creation of Man" (1956-58) belongs to his later period, when his work was imbued with religious expression.

Chagall's Jewish heritage and his reliance on the culture of the shtetl (East European Jewish village) for his inspiration and subject matter provide a link between two otherwise separate careers. He was trained in Saint Petersburg and at an early age came under the lasting influence of Leon Bakst and the Russian ballet.

Chagall's highly imaginative and very personal style took shape after he moved (1910) to Paris, where he became associated with the celebrated school of Paris. His dreamlike images had some of the characteristics later associated with surrealism. I and My Village (1911; Museum of Modern Art, New York) dates from this period. Chagall returned to Russia in 1914, and at first welcomed the Russian Revolution of 1917. He became commissar of fine arts (1918) in his native Vitebsk and director (1919-20) of the local art academy. Disagreements with the suprematist Kasimir Malevich, however, resulted in Chagall's departure for Moscow, where he designed sets for the Karmerny State Jewish Theater.

His return to Paris in 1923 inaugurated a second career, not only as a painter with a rich, poetic sense of fantasy and color, but also as a graphic artist of distinction. The Bride and Groom of the Eiffel Tower (1939; artist's collection, Saint-Paul, France) is representative of this second period, as are his illustrations for La Fontaine's Fables (commissioned 1925, published 1952) and for the Bible (commissioned 1930, published 1957); both projects were commissioned by the renowned Parisian art dealer Ambroise Vollard. At the suggestion of New York's Museum of Modern Art, Chagall spent World War II in the United States, where he again designed for the ballet, including Stravinsky's Firebird (1945).

Chagall's later work, infused with strong religious overtones, includes stained-glass windows (1960-61) for the Hadassah-Hebrew University hospital synagogue in Jerusalem and mosaics and tapestries (1966) for the Israeli Knesset. The popular success of his designs for the dome of the Paris Opera in 1964 led to a commission (1966) for two enormous murals in the foyer of New York's Metropolitan Opera House. At the age of 90 Chagall became the first living artist to be exhibited at the Louvre. A Chagall museum is located in Nice, France.


John Furse
Source: The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, Release #9.01, ©1997.
Bibliography: Sidney Alexander, Marc Chagall (1978; repr. 1988); Marc Chagall, My Life, trans. by Elizabeth Abbott (1960; repr. 1985); Werner Haftmann, Chagall, trans. by Heinrich Baumann and Alexis Brown (1972); Franz Meyer, Marc Chagall, trans. by Robert Allen (1964); Charles Sorlier, ed., Chagall's Posters: A Catalogue Raisonne (1975); André Verdet, Chagall's World (1984); Alfred Werner, Chagall: Watercolors and Gouaches (1977).
Images: "The Creation of Man" (Musée Biblique, Nice/Photo Explorer/Copyright 1995 Artists Rights Society [ARS], New York/ADAGP, Paris)
Copyrights Notice and Disclaimer: Images of artists' works displayed throughout this site have been obtained from numerous sources, including digital libraries at educational institutions, educational software, and Mark Harden's Artchive. Credit is attributed when known. Some works are considered to be in the public domain, based on current U.S. and international copyright acts. For more information on copyright laws, please refer to the Artists Rights Society and Benedict O'Mahoney's The Copyright Web Site. [See also: DiscoverFrance.net Copyrights.]

Chagall Links:

Anniversary Flowers (1947)
Take a close-up view of this Chagall masterpiece in the permanent collection at Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida.

Chagall for Children
At the Kohl Children's Museum in Wilmette, Illinois, an interactive exhibit allows children to construct their own Chagall stained glass and make discoveries about light, color, and reflection. Using a computer's palette and touchscreen, change details in select Chagall works; or move objects, positions, and figures with a magnetized art replica.

Naphtali panel of Chagall Windows

The Chagall Windows
Dedicated on February 6th, 1962, as part of Hadassah's Golden Anniversary celebration, the Synagogue of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center is illuminated by sunlight which streams through the twelve magnificent Chagall Windows.

CGFA - Virtual Art Museum
Carol L. Gerten maintains an impressive image library of meticulously scanned works from hundreds of renowned artists, including this collection featuring 15 of Chagall's paintings.

Marc Chagall: 1887-1985
by Jacob Baal-Teshuva, Marc Chagall
Hardcover - 280 pages
Published February 1998 by Taschen America Llc.
Usually ships within 2-3 days.
List Price: $39.99
Our Price:
$27.99 ~ You Save: $12.00 (30%)
ISBN: 3822882712
Henry Miller once described Marc Chagall as a "poet with the wings of a painter." The pages of Chagall are filled with images that prove the writer's words true. Though Chagall is remembered primarily as a painter, his artistic vision expressed itself in many other forms, including sculpture, mosaics, and stained glass windows...

Marc Chagall: 1887-1985

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Chagall Quotations:

"When I am finishing a picture I hold some God-made object up to it -- a rock, a flower, the branch of a tree or my hand -- as a kind of final test. If the painting stands up beside a thing man cannot make, the painting is authentic. If there's a clash between the two, it is bad art." (1)

"Only love interests me, and I am only in contact with things that revolve around love." (2)

"In our life there is a single color, as on an artist's palette, which provides the meaning of life and art. It is the color of love." (3)

Sources of Quotations: (1) Saturday Evening Post (New York, 2 Dec. 1962).
[The Columbia Dictionary of Quotations is licensed from Columbia University Press. Copyright © 1993 by Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.]
(2) & (3) QuoteWorld.org.

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