DiscoverFrance! home page

Recommend Us! Guest Book Advertising Web Hosting Site Map Help! E-mail


Culture, history,
language, travel,
and more!

Pull down window to select topic, then click GO!


Art History Webmasters Association

Enter your e-mail address to receive updates about!

World Wide Arts Resources

Search terms:

In Association with


Vote for this website!


Airline Tickets

Car Rentals


Hotels, Condos


Rail Passes

This menu is powered
by Agum Network

Search this site

Click above to
search this site
or the Internet.

Visit our Boutique!

Click above
to visit our

Music while you browse

Click above for
optional background
music while you browse!

Random quote generator

Click above to see
random quotations!

visiteur numéro


Art Boutique - a Supergallery for French Art Prints and Framing

Art Periods: FAUVISM


At the 1905 Salon d'Automne in Paris a group of painters under the leadership of Henri Matisse shocked the art world with their paintings characterized by brilliant color, expressive brushwork, and flat composition, as in Matisse's The Green Stripe, Portrait of Mme. Matisse (1905; Statens Museum fur Kunst, Copenhagen).

Luxe, calme et volupte

"Luxe, calme et volupte"
by Henri Matisse
Musée d'Orsay

The critic Louis Vauxcelles, on visiting the show, called the painters the "Wild Beasts," or "Les Fauves"; the pejorative remark was exploited by hostile critics, and the name stuck.

Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, the Nabis, and the neoimpressionists (see neoimpressionism) were the most important influences on the Fauves. Some of them had been students of Gustave Moreau at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts; these included Matisse, Albert Marquet, Georges Rouault, Charles Camoir, Jean Puy, and Henri Manguin. André Derain and Maurice de Vlaminck had painted together at Chatou. A contingent from Le Havre, Achille Emile Orthon Friesz, Raoul Dufy, and Georges Braque, joined the group after seeing Matisse's work. Kees van Dongen, a Dutch painter, joined them when he settled in Paris.

Studio at Guelma Alley

"Studio at Guelma Alley"
by Raoul Dufy
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris


The Fauves never issued a theoretical manifesto. By the time Matisse wrote his "Notes of a Painter" in 1908, the peak of Fauvism was over. Matisse himself moved from the spontaneous and exuberant use of color that characterized Fauvism to a more decorative formalism. Although Fauvism was a short-lived movement, it was influential; the German expressionists, particularly Wassily Kandinsky and Alexey von Jawlensky in Munich, and the Die Brucke group in Dresden were heavily indebted to it. (See expressionism.)

The Fauves represented the first break with the artistic traditions of the past. The movement's emphasis on formal values and expressive use of color, line, and brushwork helped liberate painting from the representational expectations that had dominated Western art since the Renaissance. Fauvism was the first explosive 20th-century art movement.

Ida K. Rigby
Source: The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, Release #9.01, © 1997.
Bibliography: Gaston Diel, The Fauves (1975; out-of-print); James D. Herbert, The Cultural Politics of Fauve Painting (1992); Judi Freeman, et al., The Fauve Landscape (1990; out-of-print); Jean Leymarie, Fauves and Fauvism (1986; out-of-print); Sarah Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).
Images: Henri Matisse - "Luxe, calme et volupte", Raoul Dufy - "Studio at Guelma Alley"
Copyrights Notice and Disclaimer: Images of artists' works displayed throughout this site have been obtained from numerous sources, including digital libraries at educational institutions, educational software, and Mark Harden's Artchive. Credit is attributed when known. Some works are considered to be in the public domain, based on current U.S. and international copyright acts. For more information on copyright laws, please refer to the Artists Rights Society and Benedict O'Mahoney's The Copyright Web Site. [See also: Copyrights.]

Fauvism Links:

Fauve Page
Pia Santiago of Cal State Univ./Fullerton has assembled a nice collection of pages on Fauvism, offering biographies of the movement's primary players.

Visual Arts Glossary
This helpful reference, a teaching and learning resource from the OAESD project, offers definitions for nearly 200 art terms.

Webmuseum: Fauvism
The prolific Nicholas Pioch offers additional insights on the Fauves, and a gallery of numerous works.

Fauvism Quotations:

"C'est Donatello dans la cage aux fauves!"
-- Louis Vauxcelles, Salon d'Automne, 1905.

"C'est donc sous la conduite de Matisse, et aussi sous l'influence de Van Gogh que les futurs fauves, Vlaminck, Friesz, Derain, Manguin, expriment dans leurs envois au Salon d'Automne un farouche et virulent enthousiasme pour les joies dynamiques des tons les plus crus."
-- M. Raynal, Peinture moderne.

"Le fauvisme pour Matisse, c'est l'accentuation décisive d'un type de rapport â la couleur qu'il s'emploiera â cultiver: le nerf du système."
-- Marcelin Pleynet, Système de la peinture.

Sources of Quotations: Webmuseum.

Artists' Pages:

Art Topics:

This menu is powered by Agum Network

Discover France web ring

This ring site owned by


Books & Videos

Revisit the era of the "Lost Generation" in Hemingway's Paris.

Explore the fascinating history of the prophet from Provence, Nostradamus.

Read the reviews of our carefully selected travel guides and recommended reading, then click to save 20-40% on books you purchase, with the convenience of home delivery.

Can't find your favorite French movies at the video store or library? Check out our selection of videotapes and DVDs featuring French movie icons like Depardieu, Deneuve, Montand, and many more. Then click to save 10-30% on your own personal copy delivered to your door!


Host your web page with us! actively encourages topical submissions from students of French language & culture, educators, seasoned travelers, American expatriates, and natives of France.

If you would like to share your experiences, knowledge or research with thousands of our visitors and friends, please send a note to the webmaster!

Are you an individual or business with a web page on any topic related to France -- arts, culture, entertainment, history, language, tourism, etc. -- in English or French? Your site can have an address of "www. discoverfrance. net/your_site" for less than $10 per month! Get more hits by affiliating with other francophile sites.

Tired of the Java commercial advertising windows and banners imposed by the so-called "free" web page hosting services? At, you can customize your page as you wish, without any commercial requirements or programming inserted into your HTML. Our web servers and Internet connections are fast, too.

For more information, please contact our sales staff!

Design and layout © 1997-1999

All Rights Reserved

Comments, suggestions,
broken links?

Made with Macintosh

The Wharton Group
Ian C. Mills


The Y29K - compliant computer
preferred by designers everywhere.

This site




Text copyrights are attributed to their respective sources throughout this site.